2Ch 36: "This last ch brings to a conclusion the Davidic
monarchy, in the dismal environment of ecclesial failure. This is encapsulated
in the lives of the kings of Judah following righteous king Josiah. He was the
last of the courageous monarchs who endeavoured to bring the nation back from
apostasy. Josiah's rule was righteous, but being based on obedience to law, did
not reach the 'hearts and reins' of the people. Thus, the opening v of 2Ch 36
epitomises the attitude of the people. 'Then the people of the land took
Jehoahaz' (v 1). They acted for their own interests and found Jehoahaz was to
commence the final plunge downwards. He was the king of retribution (vv 1-4). He
was followed by Jehoiakim, the irreligious egotist (vv 5-8). Jehoiachin was the
despised broken idol (vv 9,10). Zedekiah became the vacillating king (vv 11-13).
Then the record shows the spiritual decadence of the nation (vv 14-16), the
destruction of Jerusalem (vv 17-21). The final section of the ch foreshadows a
change by divine decree -- the king of the east who provided for the rebuilding
of Jerusalem (vv 22,23). Cyrus stands as a type of Christ, who shall complete
the typical work of the past, when he makes Jerusalem the throne of Yahweh, and
brings to this earth a recognition of the righteous holiness of Yahweh"
NEBUCHADNEZZAR... ATTACKED HIM AND BOUND HIM WITH BRONZE
SHACKLES TO TAKE HIM TO BABYLON: But he died before being transported there
(Jer 22:18,19; 36:30).
THE DETESTABLE THINGS HE DID AND ALL THAT WAS FOUND AGAINST
HIM: Or "upon him" -- ie, some strange tattoos or markings (Tes
EIGHTEEN: The KJV has "eight", based on Heb mss, but
the NIV follows the LXX and Syriac (see also 2Ki 24:8). Notice that Jehoiachin
was old enough to do evil (cp 2Ki 24:9): this accords better with 18 than with
HE... HARDENED HIS HEART: Hard-heartedness is first
seen in Pharaoh (Exo 4:21; 7:3,13; 8:15,32; 9:12,34; 10:1,20,27; 11:10; 14:4,8).
So when this description is used of anyone in Israel, it is very pointed: 'You
are being like the oppressing Egyptians from whom I have delivered you!' Cp Deu
15:7; 2Ch 36:13; Psa 95:8; Isa 63:17; Mark 10:5; 16:14; John 12:40; Rom
YOUNG WOMAN: This refers to the "virgins", the young
maidens associated with the "sanctuary", or Temple worship. They were
consecrated either for life or until marriage to the service of the sanctuary.
See Lam 1:14; Rev 14:1-4; 2Sa 13 (Tamar); Jdg 11:37; Luk 2:36; Isa 7:14; Luk
1:5,36; Eze 44:22; Isa 61:10 / Isa 62:5; 1Sa 2:22.
Vv 18,19: The temple being found "leprous", ie Lev 14:45, and
thus to be broken down and carried away.
THE ARTICLES FROM THE TEMPLE: Which were used by
Belshazzar in his drunken revelries (Dan 5:3).