The Agora
Bible Commentary
2 Chronicles

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2 Chronicles 18

2Ch 18:1

2Ch 18: "A great test to a man's character comes from 'riches and honour in abundance' (v 1). He does not realise his reliance on Yahweh to the same degree as in times of difficulty and poverty (cp the warning of Pro 30:8,9). The result is Jehoshaphat's disastrous alliance. By marrying his son Jehoram to Athaliah, the daughter of Ahab and Jezebel, he sealed the alliance. The ch reveals [1] A union for warfare: vv 1-3. [2] Jehoshaphat seeks divine guidance: v 4. [3] Micaiah is sent for: vv 6-8. [4] Zedekiah flatters the kings: vv 9-11. [5] Micaiah's integrity: vv 12,13. [6] His sarcastic message of doom: vv 14-16. [7] He accuses the false prophets of lying: vv 17-22. [8] Zedekiah's challenge: vv 23,24. [9] Micaiah is imprisoned: vv 25-27. [10] Ahab disguises himself for the battle: vv 28,29. [11] Jehoshaphat receives divine help: vv 30-32. [12] Death of Ahab: vv 33,34" (GEM).

In this chapter we see the beginnings of what amounted to Jehoshaphat's three-fold "unequal yoking" with unbelievers: (1) First of all, he became allied with Ahab in war (2Ch 18:1-3); (2) Later, he was allied with Ahaziah in commerce (2Ch 20:35,36); and (3) Finally, he was allied with Israel in marriage -- through his son Jehoram (2Ch 21:6).

2Ch 18:16

LIKE SHEEP WITHOUT A SHEPHERD: Num 27:17; 1Ki 22:17; Mat 9:36; Mark 6:34.

2Ch 18:22

THE LORD HAS PUT A LYING SPIRIT...: Cp Isa 45:7; Psa 78:49; Amos 3:6.

2Ch 18:26

"Working for God does not bring harmony and happiness in this life, but in the one to come. This poor man who was obliged to speak the word of the Lord was about to be imprisoned potentially indefinitely for it. He knew that Ahab would die in the battle, so unless his successor took pity on him, this was a life sentence. Could you do it? Do we have our minds so clearly set on the kingdom that we can cope with anything that this life throws at us? 'Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you' (Mat 5:12)" (PC).

2Ch 18:31

THE LORD HELPED HIM: Notice the distinction: YAHWEH helped His own servant, but...

GOD DREW THEM AWAY FROM HIM: ...ELOHIM moved the aliens!

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