Exo 27: "The divine Law outlined the ritual that was required
to bring the people into relationship with God. This revolved around the great
tabernacle in the midst of the Ecclesia of the Wilderness. The first object
encountered when entering the tabernacle was the Brazen Altar, just inside the
entrance. Every element of the altar had a reflection in the great antitypical
Altar, the Lord Jesus Christ. Exo 27 reveals: (1) The altar of burnt offering:
vv 1-8. (2) The court of the tabernacle: vv 9-19. (3) Oil for the light: vv
"The common Israelite found a place in the tabernacle, through
the oil he provided for the Lamp. This was the finest. All impurities were
removed, and the olives were broken to pieces and crushed that the oil might be
extracted. So the ecclesia was taught the principle of sacrifice and
illumination -- the hearing of the Word and its performance in life"
The position of the altar of burnt offering, directly in front
of the entrance to the tabernacle, teaches plainly that no man may approach unto
God except via the shedding of blood, in sacrifice.
The bronze altar symbolizes Christ in sacrificial
manifestation: "We have an altar from which those who minister at the tabernacle
have no right to eat" (Heb 13:10).
All who touch this altar are made holy (Exo 29:37).
Correspondingly, all who touch Christ in baptism -- coming into contact with his
blood by being "crucified with him" -- are thereby made holy (Rom
Thus, two perfect squares in tabernacle (each 50 cubits
square): the mercy seat in center of one half; the altar of burnt offering in
center of other half.
Was the altar supported by 4 cherub-figures, as was the laver
in temple (1Ki 7:25)? If so, then the winged ox figures would have had horns
projecting above the altar. And the horns = a 7th "city of refuge" (1Ki 1:50;
FIREPANS: For the transporting of the sacred
Vv 4,5: The frame of altar was prob erected around large
unhewn stone(s), with an insulating layer of earth (cp Exo 20:24-26). Also, an
inclined plane (of earth?) prob on south side (Exo 20:26).
Also, a bronze network (1 1/2 cubits high), prob a platform
all around altar, to permit easy access to sacrifices.
On east side of altar, a small opening for air circulation,
and to remove ashes (Lev 1:16).
These poles would prob need to be replaced from time to time,
because of continuous heat of altar fires.
Vv 9,10: The wall of white linen around about the Tabernacle.
This white wall is a symbol of righteousness or justification. The wall would
remind the Israelites that they could only worship God acceptably through the
righteousness which comes of faith. The linen wall was hung on pillars and
sockets of brass (speaking of flesh purified by trial of fire) and was topped by
silver (sig our redemption in Christ).
FINELY TWISTED LINEN: Sym righteousness of
justification (Rom 5:1; 10:17; Heb 11:1,6). We may worship God only through
righteousness of faith.
Vv 10-17: The bases prob had sharp points, to pierce ground
and provide stability. There were also cords and pegs/pins for this purpose (Exo
35:18; 38:20; 39:40; Num 3:26,37).
ENTRANCE: Sym Christ (Joh 10:9; 14:6). We enter holy
place only through Christ.
LINEN: White linen, a marked ct with brown and black
goatskins of people's tents.
CLEAR OIL: No quantity was specified; thus, without
measure (Joh 3:34).
All the Israelites were to bring oil for the lamps. So it is
the responsibility of each member of the ecclesia to contribute to the general
light of the whole. If the light went out, then the priest walked in