Exo 23: "The righteousness of Yahweh is revealed in the Law of
Moses. In all its wondrous ritual, and righteous decrees, the Law shows the way
in which the divine character and life can be developed in the individual. This
ch provides  Seven laws of social ethics (vv 1-9),  Six laws of religious
worship concerning the sabbaths and feasts (vv 10-19), and  Four laws of
conquest (vv 20-33). The commandments shows the way in which a division must be
observed in actions. The personal laws in the Book of the Covenant terminate
with the remarkable instruction of v 19, which is thrice repeated in the Law (v
19; Exo 24:16; Deu 14:21). The prohibition not to boil a kid in his mother's
milk seems to constitute a warning against allowing that which is designed for
life to become the means of death. The over-indulgence of children can cause
that, and has been sad cause of many lives lost for the kingdom (Num 14:3-31),
seen in Eli's sons (1Sa 3:13), Adonijah (1Ki 1:6). Compare Pro 19:18; 23:13-14;
29:15; 1Ti 3:4. The final v in Exo 23 draws attention to Yahweh's constant
concern for unstable flesh. That generation in the wilderness failed under test
(Num 11:13)" (GEM).
YOUR ENEMY'S: Not merely "your brother's", as in Mat
22:4. "Brother", as used by Jesus, sig all men. These phrases are added because
of man's inherent readiness to exclude some from fraternal relation.
DO NOT COOK A YOUNG GOAT IN ITS MOTHER'S MILK: Found in
Exo 23:19; 34:26 and Deu 14:21. Five possibilities: (1) The mother would suffer
from still producing milk, with no offspring to nurse. (2) The Canaanites
worshiped milk as coming from certain goddesses (ie, keep away from worship of
idols of land). (3) A prohibition against imitating the superstitious rites of
the Egyptians, who, at the end of their harvest, cooked a kid in its mother's
milk and sprinkled the broth as a magical charm on their gardens and fields, to
render them more productive the following season (JFB). (4) The suckling should
not be killed so young, cut off in its prime. (Christ the sacrifice suffered in
the midst of his own people.) (5) Do not "destroy" your child with the "milk" of
ANGEL: "Malak" = God's messenger or agent. Angel of
God's presence (Isa 63:9). Immortal, void of fleshly lusts: Exo 32:34; 33:2.
MY NAME IS IN HIM: All the angel's speech is directed
by God's power: Rev 19:13; Jdg 2:1-4; Joh 5:43; 8:47; Gen 28:12.
HORNET: Hieroglyphic sym of the united dynasty of upper
and lower Egypt. Thutmose III had undertaken 3 campaigns against Canaan. He
extorted much wealth, leaving the land in a weakened condition (Arch Expl 25;
THE SEA OF THE PHILISTINES: The only time the
Mediterranean Sea is so called.