SEA COWS: Heb "tachashim". Translated, variously, "sea
cows" (NIV; WEB); "dugongs" (NIV mg); "porpoises" (NASB); "seals" (JPS); or
"badgers" (KJV; Roth). The general scholarly consensus on the word is that it is
Egyptian in origin. The Arabic word "duhas" refers to a dolphin. They are common
in the Red Sea; their skins are used for clothing by the Bedouin.
The word has also been connected to an Egyptian word for
"leather" (BDB). This is followed by NRSV and NET ("fine leather").
UPRIGHT FRAMES: The boards of tabernacle, formed of
selected trees (Act 15:14), cut down (humbled in dust), shaped according to
divine specifications (chastening of God; changing character), made to stand
upright upon 2 feet, set in silver sockets (redemption), and covered in gold
Perhaps these boards were hollow frames. A "tent" or "ohel"
may have a wooden frame but not solid walls: (a) not nearly so heavy; (b)
permitting cherubim (v 1) to appear to priests ministering in most holy place.
The temple, as an enlarged tabernacle, had carvings of cherubim and palms round
about on inner walls (see 1Ki 6:29n) (WEnj 26). Cp Rev 4:6: cherubim round about
Setting "in order" is a significant thing in the service of
God: Gen 22:9; Exo 26:17; 39:37; 40:4,23; Lev 1:7,8,12; 6:12; 24:8; 1Ki 18:33;
2Ki 20:1; 2Ch 13:11; 29:35; Eze 41:6; Acts 18:23; 1Co 11:34; 14:40; Tit
CENTER CROSSBAR: A ridge pole, running end to end. The
tent, an upside-down V shape. Thus providing living quarters on the sides, for
priests on duty (Lev 8:35). Cp idea of side chambers in temple (1Ki 6:5...);
also cp 1Sa 3:2,3.
"Therefore, brothers, since we have confidence to enter the
Most Holy Place by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way opened for us
through the curtain, that is, his body" (Heb 10:19,20). A sym depiction of the
nature of Christ.
The inner veil was upheld by 4 posts, or pillars, symbolic of
the 4 gospels of new covenant in Christ (cp v 37).
The outer veil was upheld by 5 posts, or pillars, sym of the 5
books of Moses, the first covenant (cp v 32).