SIN: Heb "Ciyn" = enmity, bramble. Sym the rebellious
people (ie Eze 2:6). A hard climb ahead, through mountains of Sinai, even though
the pillar leads them.
13 murmurings: Exo 5:21; 14:10; 15:24; 16:2; 17:2; 32:1; Num
11:1,4; 12:2; 14:2; 16:3; 20:2; 21:5. Cp Joh 6:41-43. Those who murmur without
cause are soon given cause to murmur.
"From the time Moses went back to Egypt until after they were
settled in the promised land, a constant murmuring was heard in the camp of
Israel. They were a nation of grumblers. If things were not just right, they
would grumble against Moses and against the LORD. They grumbled about the work,
the water, the food, the leadership, the desert, the giants in the land -- and
it went on and on and on for more than forty years.
"Having seen this characteristic in God's people Israel after
they had been redeemed, we should look carefully at ourselves. After all, we are
all human and what is a problem to one person is often a problem to more of us,
though it is sometimes hard to see it in ourselves.
"Take note of the tone of your conversation next time you find
yourself talking about someone else. Are we praising them, planning
encouragement or criticizing and complaining? Does it make a difference whether
we think they deserve our criticisms or not? Israel seemed to think that Moses
deserved their grumblings -- and yet how wrong they were!
"The bottom line is that God does not like us grumbling. It is
a sin. Let's remove it from our lives and be positive. Let's encourage instead
of complain, and share our needs with God instead of gossiping about things that
have gone wrong.
"Are you humbly grateful or grumbly hateful?" (RP).
If God gave the greater deliverance, will He not give the
lesser ones as well? Cp Rom 8:31,32.
BREAD FROM HEAVEN: "Angels' food" (Psa 78:24,25). The
"bread" -- Christ (Joh 6:31,32,49,50) -- is God's cure for man's
Vv 7,8: (1) The glory of God, revealed in Christ (Joh
(2) Israel eats flesh in the evening (v 12); partaking of the
flesh of Christ, in the evening, and his subsequent crucifixion, the next
evening. (3) Israel eats bread (v 15), "the hidden manna" (Rev 2:17).
YOU ARE NOT GRUMBLING AGAINST US, BUT AGAINST THE LORD:
You are not attacking Moses, but God. "He that despises you despises me" (Luk
10:16). Cp also 1Sa 8:7 (not Samuel, but God); Act 5:4 (Ananias lied, not to
men, but to God); Psa 51:4 (David sinned, not against Uriah, but against
THE GRUMBLING OF THE ISRAELITES: Sand in their
sandwiches, monotony of landscape, thirsty kids, bickering families, no
supermarket at the corner... and now, NO BREAD! Cp 1Co 10:12.
AT TWILIGHT YOU WILL EAT MEAT: The quail, given only
once, here. Two years later, they demand more (Num 11:4), and are punished. Typ
one-time sacrifice of Christ (Heb 9:26), in the evening, at the "end of the
DEW: Sym resurrection glory: Isa 26:19.
WHAT IS IT?: Cp Joh 9:29: "As for this man, from whence
Cited 2Co 8:14,15: An incentive to charity. God assures that
each one has all he needs. Each should share with others.
EVERY MORNING: Manna given (here). Fire on the altar
(Lev 6:12). Incense offered (Exo 30:7). Praise offered (1Ch 23:30). Service
offered (1Ch 9:27). Sacrifice presented (2Ch 2:4; 13:11). God visits (Job 7:18).
God is their arm (Isa 33:2). His compassions new (Lam 3:23). The Philistines
present themselves (1Sa 17:16). God silences the wicked (Psa 101:8). Judgment
(Zep 3:5). Administer justice (Jer 21:12).
A HOLY SABBATH: A law to God's people even before the
giving of the Law in Exo 20.
ON THE SEVENTH DAY... THEY FOUND NONE: Christ was
crucified on the 6th day.
"Israel gathered a double portion [of the Manna] on Friday; so
that when they went out on Saturday to look for it, 'they did not find it in the
field,' as Moses said: so when they gathered the bread of heaven, and laid him
in the tomb of Joseph of Arimathea, those who might go out to look, could find
the Son of Man no longer sowing the words of eternal life in the
"But some of the manna was incorruptible for a longer period
than the sixth and seventh days. It was made to last for generations. Moses was
commanded to put an omer, or tenth part of an ephah, of manna into a pot, and to
lay it up before the Testimony, to be kept. Every day this was preserved, and it
was kept for centuries, evinced the presence of the Spirit in the Most Holy; for
ordinarily it would not keep. It was deposited in the chest, called the Ark of
the Testimony, which was overlaid with gold; whose lid was termed the... Mercy
Seat; and upon which the Cherubim were based. This Ark of the Covenant contained
the Tables of the Law, the pot of Manna, and Aaron's Rod which budded; things
all representative of the Logos [the Word] in his incarnate
"Now as Aaron laid up an omer full in a pot, and concealed it
from view within the Ark of the Testimony there to remain for centuries; so the
Eternal Spirit concealed in Jesus, the antitypical Ark of his Testimony, that
deposit of Manna, from which it shall be given to those who overcome to eat. We
feed upon this manna from day to day in feeding upon the truth. But what we eat
to-day will not suffice for the morrow. We must keep it in memory. But though we
thus feed, and rejoice in "the right to life," yet it is life-manna concealed;
for 'we are dead, and our life is hid with Christ in God. When Christ our life
shall appear, then shall we also appear with him in glory': Col 3:3,4" (Eur
SO THEY CAN SEE THE BREAD: Since the bread was kept in
the Most Holy, when could it be seen? It could only be seen on the Day of
Atonement, when the high priest could bring the pot out when he came out to
bless the people: cp Heb 9:4,28; Joh 6:27,49,50; Rev 2:17; 11:9; Col 3:3 (WRev
THEN PLACE IT BEFORE THE LORD: Christ in heaven at the
right hand of the Father: "Though once, like the daily manna, corruptible... (he
is now, and ever will be) like the manna in the ark, incorruptible" (Eur
TESTIMONY: So called because of the tables of stone
laid up there (Exo 25). This is later date, after the tables of covenant were
received and placed in the ark.
MANNA FORTY YEARS: The manna (ie Christ) was sufficient
for entire 40 years of probation.
TENTH: The tenth, or tithe, was the part devoted to God
(Lev 27:30) (Xd 121:255).