The Agora
Bible Commentary
2 Kings

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2 Kings 21

2Ki 21:1

TWELVE YEARS OLD WHEN HE BECAME KING: Thus he was not born until 3 years after Hezekiah's life was extended (cp Isa 53:8).

2Ki 21:2

HE DID EVIL IN THE EYES OF THE LORD...: The tragedy is that Hezekiah, the good king, had a son in his old age who was an appalling example of evil. So faithful men do not always have faithful sons. A comfort to those righteous ones with children who have not accepted the gospel (yet! -- for, remember that Manasseh repented at the end of his life!).

2Ki 21:3

ASHERAH: See Lesson, Asherah.

2Ki 21:4

IN JERUSALEM I WILL PUT MY NAME: Cp Deu 12:5; 2Sa 7:13; 1Ki 8:29; 9:3; Psa 78:68,69; 132:13,14.

2Ki 21:7

ASHERAH: See Lesson, Asherah.

2Ki 21:12

THE EARS OF EVERYONE WHO HEARS OF IT WILL TINGLE: The dreadful news will affect him like a sharp piercing sound. This phrase, which is first used in the time of Samuel, passes into use by the prophets to remind Israel that they are following the sins of the house of Eli: 1Sa 3:11; Jer 19:3.

2Ki 21:13

I WILL WIPE OUT JERUSALEM AS ONE WIPES A DISH, WIPING IT AND TURNING IT UPSIDE DOWN: (1) As one wipes a dish clean, turning it over so that no drop is left, so Jerusalem's destruction would be total. None would remain. Yet the dish is not destroyed, "signifying hereby the emptying of Jerusalem of its palaces and houses, wealth and riches and of all its inhabitants; and yet the empty dish being preserved, seems to denote the restoration of Jerusalem after the seventy years' captivity" (Gill).

Or... (2) " 'I will blot out Jerusalem as tablets are wont to be blotted out' [Vulgate]. This is a metaphor taken from the ancient method of writing: they traced their letters with a stylus on boards thinly spread over with wax; for this purpose one end of the stylus was sharp, the other end blunt and smooth, with which they could rub out what they had written, and so smooth the place and spread back the wax, as to render it capable of receiving any other word. Thus the Lord had written down Jerusalem, never intending that its name or its memorial should be blotted out. It was written down The Holy City, The City of the Great King; but now God turns the stylus and blots this out; and the Holy Jerusalem, the City of the Great King, is no longer to be found! This double use of the stylus is pointed out in this ancient riddle: 'I am flat at the top, but sharp at the bottom; I turn either end, and perform a double function: One end destroys what the other end has made' " (Clarke).

Ct with Rev 14:1; 3:10-12: God's name written on their foreheads. Also ct Rev 3:5: "I will never blot out his name from the book of life."

2Ki 21:17

See 2Ch 33:11-19. Manasseh is carried captive to Babylon, where he repents and is heard by God. He returns and begins his reforms.

2Ki 21:18

AMON: Poss named after Egyptian sun-god.

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