The Agora
Bible Commentary
2 Kings

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2 Kings 14

2Ki 14:1

2Ki 14: "A last opportunity for the nation presented itself, as in Israel and Judah there reigned three able sovereigns in Amaziah, Uzziah, and Jeroboam II. The weakness of surrounding nations was their opportunity. A vigorous struggle broke out to raise the nations from the depression into which it had fallen. Syria and Edom were reduced. The borders were extended, the struggle partly successful. But it was frustrated by calamities beyond human power. The kings conquered their enemies, but not themselves, and thus failed in the struggle for complete independence. Those whose pride makes them too eager to fight may get enough of it in quick order. Many would have honour and wealth enough, if they but know when they had enough. But the prosperity of Israel under Jeroboam was a delusion and a snare. Two prophets raised their voices in warning and rebuke. Hosea and Amos, sounded forth their stern, harsh language, revealing the true state of the ecclesia. Hosea was a citizen of the north, for he speaks of the land (Hos 1:2) and 'our king' (Hos 7:5). The rough shepherd Amos was from Judah. He beheld with indignation the soft luxury and abandoned life in the northern kingdom. He gives a frightful picture of an apostate, licentious and decadent Israel. It was the 'last days' of the Davidic monarchy, and little time remained before the divine judgment came upon both northern and southern elements of the nation" (GEM).

2Ki 14:4

THE HIGH PLACES, HOWEVER, WERE NOT REMOVED: Specific mention is made, several times, of the high places not being taken away: by Asa (1Ki 15:14); Jehoshaphat (1Ki 22:43); Jehoash (2Ki 12:3); Amaziah (2Ki 14:4); Azariah/Uzziah (2Ki 15:4); and Jotham (2Ki 15:35) -- demonstrating the importance of this action in God's sight. These kings did not make a full return to God. The high places (which had been used for idol worship) might have been out of use for the time being, but it seems they were not totally destroyed until the time of Hezekiah (2Ki 18:4; 2Ch 32:12); and even then their prohibition did not last beyond his reign (2Ch 33:3).

Do we have other shrines at which we worship? We must be sure that we remove the "high places" from our lives completely, even if they are currently "out of use".

2Ki 14:7

THE VALLEY OF SALT: The southern Dead Sea area, site of overthrown cities of Sodom and Gomorrah.

SELA: Petra: a city of immense strength and a wonder of the ancient world. From here, trade routes ran to Egypt, Palestine, and Syria.

2Ki 14:8

Background: Amaziah had borrowed a mercenary army from Joash of Israel. The prophet intervened, and they were sent back. They were angry, and pillaged cities of Judah: 2Ch 25.

MEET ME FACE TO FACE: A declaration of war (v 11).

2Ki 14:9

Vv 9,10: Figurative language: 'You were recently asking for my help, and now you are challenging me?!' Thistle = king of Judah; cedar = king of Israel.

GIVE YOUR DAUGHTER TO MY SON: That is, 'Give me an army!'

THEN A WILD BEAST IN LEBANON CAME ALONG AND TRAMPLED THE THISTLE UNDERFOOT: The pillaging of Judah's cities by the mercenary army (see 2Ki 14:8n).

2Ki 14:10

Amaziah planned to fight the 10 tribes, win, and thus unify all Israel (Josephus).

2Ki 14:12

Reason: Amaziah had begun to practice idolatry with Edom's "gods" (2Ch 25:14,20).

2Ki 14:16


2Ki 14:27

UNDER HEAVEN: A phrase suggesting the universality of Yahweh's judgement: Gen 6:17; Exo 17:14; Deu 7:24; 9:14; 25:19; 29:20; 2Ki 14:27. The two NT references (Acts 4:12; Col 1:23) expand the theme to show that the Father is indeed concerned with salvation for all mankind.

2Ki 14:28

HOW HE RECOVERED FOR ISRAEL BOTH DAMASCUS AND HAMATH: Prob Jeroboam just recovered portions of territory previously taken from Israel by Damascus and Hamath.
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