The Agora
Bible Commentary
2 Kings

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2 Kings 17

2Ki 17:1

2Ki 17: "Hoshea conspired against Pekah, and ascended the throne with the connivance of Assyria (2Ki 15:30). Thus he had to pay homage and tribute to the Assyrian Power. Having successfully conspired against Pekah, he also tried to doublecross Assyria, ignoring the warnings of the prophet (2Ki 17:4; Hos 10:14), and brought destruction on himself and the nation. He was attacked by Shalmaneser V, who died unexpectedly during the siege. Sargon (Isa 20:1), his successor, continued the attack. 'In the first year of my reign,' boasted Sargon in his annals, 'I besieged and conquered Samaria.' He claims to have led away into captivity 27,290 people. Sargon settled foreigners in Israel, and recorded: 'People of the lands, prisoners my hand had captured, I settled there. My officials I placed over them as governors. I imposed tribute and tax upon them as Assyrians.' Thus, by ruthless dictators, the Israelites were rooted out of their land and transported elsewhere. It was a grave time of apostasy in Judah as well as in the northern kingdom. So 2Ki 17:20 records that Judah followed the wicked example of Israel. Baal-worship under Jehoram, Ahab and Athaliah, were also the sin of Ahaz, Manasseh and Amon. Not only so, but there was a twisting of teaching and doctrine, instituted by those who deliberately misquoted and misapplied the Word (see v 32). There was a terrible perversion, in which the true religious was tainted by worldliness and tardiness in spiritual issues. Consequently 'the nations feared Yahweh, and served their graven images' (v 41). There is a great need to remain constant and true to our high and holy calling today" (GEM).

The events of this chapter are contemporary with the prophecy of Hosea: cp 2Ki 17:3 with Hos 10:6 (gave him presents); 2Ki 17:6 with Hos 10:7 (Samaria taken); 2Ki 17:11 with Hos 12:14 (provoke the Lord to anger); 2Ki 17:13 with Hos 12:11 (all the prophets); 2Ki 17:13 with Hos 11:5 (Turn from your evil ways); 2Ki 17:16 with Hos 13:2 (served Baal); 2Ki 17:20 with Hos 10:2 (hand of spoilers); 2Ki 17:25 with Hos 11:10 (lions). So Hosea was speaking of the events in Israel prior to it being taken by the Assyrian.

2Ki 17:7

Vv 7-23: A summary of the sins of the nation of Israel.

2Ki 17:9

SECRETLY: Cp Eze 8:12. The idea of "doing secretly" is picked up from Deu 13:6; 27:15. It is a trait of man that he thinks he can hide his lusts from God by going underground, as it were. This is clearly not true.

FROM WATCHTOWER TO FORTIFIED CITY: An expression sig "from the smallest village to the largest city".

2Ki 17:10

The idolatry appears to be almost universal.

ASHERAH: See Lesson, Asherah.

2Ki 17:15

THE NATIONS AROUND THEM: See Lesson, Nations "round about".

2Ki 17:16

ASHERAH: See Lesson, Asherah.

2Ki 17:18

AND REMOVED THEM FROM HIS PRESENCE: Israel was removed as a nation -- although some individuals still remained (cp 2Ki 23:29; 2Ch 11:14-17).

2Ki 17:24

Vv 24-29: The origin of the Samaritans.

2Ki 17:31

ADRAMMELECH AND ANAMMELECH: The male and female sun-deities.

2Ki 17:33

THEY WORSHIPED THE LORD, BUT THEY ALSO SERVED THEIR OWN GODS: A very sketchy knowledge of LM. The Samaritans are refused recognition by the Jews; thus they hinder the later work of Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezr 4:1-5; Neh 4:1-8).

2Ki 17:41

"No one can serve two masters. Either he will hate the one and love the other, or he will be devoted to the one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and Money" (Mat 6:24).

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