The Agora
Bible Commentary

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

Leviticus 20

Lev 20:1

Lev 20: "Having set forth moral principles for the observation of Israelites, Yahweh now proceeds to outline the penalties attached to disobedience in these several particulars. Discipline and punishment is necessary in an organized society, for otherwise, flesh being what it is, human nature would flout the divine will. The Land of Canaan was burdened with the vilest forms of wickedness, and rigorous, ruthless measures were needed to keep at bay the vices and immoral practises that were common throughout the land. Hence severe penalties were laid down, which the rulers were to carry out. The Law listed offences that could not be atoned for, and were not forgivable except by specific divine decree (as in the case of David), but in Christ there is justification for things 'that could not be justified under the law' (Mar 3:28,29; Act 13:39)" (Expos).

"Miriam, the prophetess, Aaron the priest, and Moses the lawgiver, stand pre-eminently for the Old Covenant. The death of Miriam and Aaron on the very eve of entering the Land, and the failure of Moses, taught that the Law, the Prophets or the Priesthood could not lead into the Promised rest, and it was left to Joshua, the Yahoshua of the times, to do so. So the record continues: [1] Miriam dies: v 1. [2] Moses is provoked to sin: vv 2-6. [3] Moses and Aaron plead: v 6. [4] The mercy of Yahweh is expressed: vv 7-9. [5] Moses acts impatiently: vv 9-11. [6] Divine punishment is determined: vv 12,13. [7] Edom refuses Israel's passage through their Land: vv 14-21. [8] Death of Aaron in the Land of Adam: vv 22-29" (GEM).

Lev 20:9

IF ANYONE CURSES HIS FATHER OR MOTHER, HE MUST BE PUT TO DEATH. HE HAS CURSED HIS FATHER OR HIS MOTHER, AND HIS BLOOD WILL BE ON HIS OWN HEAD: This respect for authority and particularly for our parents' authority is a constant theme in scripture. We have all been through times when this has been hard, and that is based on the recognition of the human failings of our own parents, but we do have a Father who doesn't have these failings, and it is respect for Him that we are expected to practice with our human parents first. This places a big responsibility on those of us who are parents to earn that respect too. Cp Exo 21:17; Pro 20:20; 30:11,17. Revised and made harder for us in Mat 5:45.

Previous Index Next