The Agora
Bible Commentary

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

Leviticus 4

Lev 4:1

Lev 4: "The provisions of Lev 4 are based on an understanding that a knowledge of sin has been brought home to the sinner (v 24). So Moses set before the people he elements of the Sin Offering of Ignorance: vv 1,2. The sin offering legislated for sins done unwittingly, and in so doing taught that sin is related to nature. Behind all conscious acts of the will there are natural, or involuntary movements, or propensities of which we are hardly conscious, but for which, nevertheless, we are held responsible. Even thought must be controlled (2Co 10:3; Mat 5:2, 8; Pro 24:9). So the sacrifices were an important element in preparing a people for God, and ensuring that they understood His wisdom and principles" (GEM).

Lev 4:2

WHEN ANYONE SINS UNINTENTIONALLY: "The offerings not to be eaten but burnt, and whose blood was to be presented in the tabernacle, were those offered for sins of ignorance; while those to be eaten, were for sin in general. The bringing of the blood into the tabernacle and the burning of the bodies, would seem to express intenser repudiation than the eating of the flesh. And yet the intenser repudiation was for the class of sin that men are liable to consider the most venial -- sins of ignorance. What is the explanation of this? Is it so that unconscious sin is more hateful to God than that which is known and confessed? It would not be difficult to think so. When a man knows his faults, disowns them and struggles against them, his friends bear with him more easily than if he offends regularly in a line of things of which he is not aware. In his ignorance, he supposes himself perfectly acceptable, while all the time it may be he is making it the hardest work in the world to endure him. We are probably not far wrong in supposing that this is how it is with our imperfect selves towards God, and that there is a special meaning in the declaration that He 'hath not dealt with us after our sins, nor rewarded us according to our iniquities' [Psa 103:10]" (LM 242).

Lev 4:3

The offering for the High Priest typ Christ's offering. In ct sin offering for others (which was eaten by priests: Lev 6:25,26), the body of this sacrifice was not eaten (Lev 6:30), but burned outside the camp (Lev 4:11,12). Thus, the antitypical Christ-sacrifice, which provided access into God's presence (v 6), was burned outside the camp (Heb 13:10,11), that is, outside the Law of Moses (BS 13:15).

Lev 4:12

OUTSIDE THE CAMP: Cp Heb 13:11: to be observed by those who were outside -- ie lepers, unclean, Gentiles.

Lev 4:21

OUTSIDE THE CAMP: "Let us, then, go to him outside the camp, bearing the disgrace he bore" (Heb 13:13).

Lev 4:23

GOAT: Repr wayward human nature. But a "kid of the goats" (AV), not mature in his way, ie pliable.

Previous Index Next