...SETTLE THEM IN THEIR OWN LAND: The Year of Jubilee,
when God brought about this great deliverance (2Ki 19:29,30; Lev 25:21-24).
ALIENS WILL JOIN THEM AND UNITE WITH THE HOUSE OF
JACOB: Constantly repeated in Isaiah: Isa 44:5; 49:22; 55:5; 56:6-8;
60:4,5,9,10,14; 61:5. The fall of Sennacherib causes Gentiles to honor the God
of Hezekiah (2Ch 32:23).
TO THEIR OWN PLACE: "Maqom" = their holy place,
Jerusalem and the Temple mount.
THEY WILL... RULE OVER THEIR OPPRESSORS: Never yet has
this been true of Israel.
THE KING OF BABYLON: Which king? Prob Sennacherib --
who challenged the God of Israel in Isa 36; 37; etc.
THE ROD OF THE WICKED: // Isa 10:5, re
ALL THE LANDS ARE AT REST AND AT PEACE: The peace of
Christ's Kingdom: Isa 2:4; Mic 4:3; Zec 9:10; Psa 72:7; Luk 2:14.
THEY BREAK INTO SINGING: Frequent in Isaiah, with ref
to the restoration of Israel: Isa 44:23; 49:13; 52:9; 54:1; 55:12; Psa
SINCE YOU HAVE BEEN LAID LOW, NO WOODSMAN COMES TO CUT US
DOWN: "The Assyrians plundered the fir and cedar trees of Lebanon through
sheer joy of increasing devastation and being able to boast about it (Isa
37:24); and a century later Nebuchadnezzar took pride... in personally felling a
cedar of Lebanon" (WIsa 206).
Vv 9-17: A powerful figure of speech -- not to be taken as
literal truth: the mighty tyrant going down to the abode of the dead, where all
the mighty men and monarchs who have preceded this brutal empire-builder into
the place of the dead are now portrayed as deeply disturbed at the prospect of
having to greet again the haughty dictator who sent them there. Eze 32:21-27 is
a similar elaborate figure about dead warriors, buried with all the tokens of
their military prowess, greeting Egypt's Pharaoh when he joins their
"These vv, which appear to be spoken by other pagan kings to a
pagan king (Isa 14:9-11), contain several titles and motifs that resemble those
of Canaanite mythology, including refs to Helel son of Shachar, the stars of El,
the mountain of assembly, the recesses of Zaphon, and the divine title Most
High. Apparently these vv allude to a mythological story about a minor god
(Helel son of Shachar) who tried to take over Zaphon, the mountain of the gods.
His attempted coup failed and he was hurled down to the underworld. The king of
Babylon is taunted for having similar unrealized delusions of grandeur" (NET
DEPARTED: "Rephaim": Psa 88:10n; Isa
ALONG WITH THE NOISE OF YOUR HARPS: "Suggests religious
music and ceremonial. How right this is, for it was evidently in the course of a
religious procession into the temple that Sennacherib was slain [Isa 37:36,38]"
HOW YOU HAVE FALLEN FROM HEAVEN: "Velikovsky has
theorised very impressively that about that time there was a dramatic
perturbation in the course of the planet Venus. In any case it is remarkable
enough that the most impressive Babylonian epic discovered by the archaeologists
is about the descent of Ishtar [Venus] into the underworld" (WIsa 208).
MORNING STAR... CAST DOWN TO THE EARTH: Venus, the
morning star, is also sometimes the evening star, seen slipping lower and lower
until lost beneath the horizon. (Christ is, of course, the true "morning star":
Num 24:17; 2Pe 1:19; Rev 22:16.)
MORNING STAR: Translated "Lucifer" in KJV. But this
passage is about the king of Babylon (v 4), a "man" (v 18).
But why "Lucifer"? There is no earthly reason why this word
should describe the Devil. As a personal name of the Devil it seems to have been
introduced by Jerome near the end of the 4th century. It became popular in the
Middle Age and was "immortalized" by Milton's "Paradise Lost", a fiction which
Milton himself can hardly have taken seriously.
"Centuries later, Jesus made a powerful lesson from this vivid
prophecy. His disciples came back from preaching full of glee, for 'even the
demons are subject unto us through thy name.' So they were bidden recall how God
chastened the pride of Assyria -- 'Satan as lightning (a day star?) fallen from
heaven.' And not only disciples but also self-assured Capernaum, 'which is
exalted to heaven, shall be thrust down to the depths' (Luk 10:18,15)" (WIsa
I WILL ASCEND TO HEAVEN: Like Nimrod, building a tower
to reach to heaven (Gen 11:4), Sennacherib boasted that he would enthrone
himself on Yahweh's own mountain, the "heavenly place".
ON THE UTMOST HEIGHTS OF THE SACRED MOUNTAIN: Or, "of
the north". (Why should "Lucifer", the Devil, be anxious for a place of honor
A REJECTED BRANCH: Deliberate ct with the "Branch" of
YOU ARE COVERED WITH THE SLAIN, WITH THOSE PIERCED BY THE
SWORD, THOSE WHO DESCEND TO THE STONES OF THE PIT. LIKE A CORPSE TRAMPLED
UNDERFOOT: At the time for Sennacherib's burial, a general revolution broke
out, and his body was never buried in the grand sepulchre prepared for it. In
the riot and fury and carnage of the melee of revolution, his was just one more
bloody, battered, and trampled carcass among those which littered the streets of
the capital (WIsa 209).
DESTROYED YOUR LAND AND KILLED YOUR PEOPLE: "Thou hast
destroyed MY land, and hast slain MY people" (LXX).
THEY ARE NOT TO RISE: Echoed in Isa 26:14.
THEY ARE NOT TO... COVER THE EARTH WITH THEIR CITIES:
As Nimrod (Gen 10:10-12) had done, and as Nebuchadnezzar would do (Dan
I WILL CUT OFF FROM BABYLON HER NAME AND SURVIVORS, HER
OFFSPRING AND DESCENDANTS: 'I will cut off from ASSYRIA her name
(Sennacherib) and remnant (Esarhaddon), her offspring (Asshurbanipal) and
descendants (Shinsharishkun)' -- all the kings up to the destruction of
I WILL TURN HER INTO... SWAMPLAND: Due to the
destruction of Nineveh's elaborate irrigation system (cp Nah 1:8). This was
accomplished by Nabopolassar, the empire-building father of
God's oath: Gen 22:16-18; Psa 132:11.
MY LAND: Immanuel's Land (Isa 8:8) is now plainly said
to be Yahweh's Land! And it is in God's Land -- near Jerusalem -- (and not at
the border of Egypt, as some commentators say) that the great army of
Sennacherib will be broken!
YOKE... BURDEN... SHOULDER: All reltd to Messiah (Isa
9:4-6)... because this King is NO "Messiah"!
HIS HAND IS STRETCH OUT: Previously this meant wrath
against His own people (Isa 9:12,17,21; 10:4). But now it means deliverance for
PHILISTINES: "In this period Judah's relations with the
Philistines had swung from one extreme to another. In Uzziah's reign that land
had been completely absorbed into Judah's new empire (2Ch 26:6,7). Then in
Ahab's reign of weakness the tables were turned very drastically, and
Philistia's independence even took over an appreciable piece of Jewish territory
(2Ch 28:18), so that Ahaz -- poor fool! -- was driven to appeal for Assyrian
help, and thenceforward found himself an Assyrian vassal (2Ch 29:21)" (WIsa
212). See Lesson, Philistia in prophecy.
THE ROD THAT STRUCK YOU IS BROKEN: A prophecy of the
fall of Sennacherib's power (the "rod" of Isa 10:5).
FROM THE ROOT OF THAT SNAKE: That is, from
Sennacherib's progeny will come other "snakes" (Esarhaddon, Asshurbanipal) just
as bad, and they will continue to devastate Philistia... on their way to Egypt.
SNAKE... VIPER... SERPENT: A decided contrast with Isa
11:1-8. Christ's reign will put an end to all such "snakes"!
THE POOR... THE NEEDY: God's faithful IN ISRAEL, not in
YOUR ROOT I WILL DESTROY...: A faithful remnant in
Israel/Judah will survive, but you (Philistia) will not!
IN ITS RANKS: Heb "moed" = the appointed assemblies, OR
the appointed times of assembly, ie esp Passover! The deliverance from
Sennacherib came at Passover (Isa 30:29; 31:5), at a time when his other army
was besieging Lachish and Libnah (Isa 37:8) and wrecking the Philistine plain
'All your cities will be destroyed by the Assyrian. The only
city that will survive is GOD's city, Jerusalem/Zion -- it is inviolate (Isa
29:7; 31:5; 33:20; Psa 87). Your only hope is to defect to Jerusalem!'