The Agora
Bible Commentary

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Job 36

Job 36:1

Job 36; 37: Suffering is disciplinary, for moral improvement, to bring man to God.

Job 36:3

I WILL ASCRIBE JUSTICE TO MY MAKER: By pointing out that in all His dealings God is right.

Job 36:4

ONE PERFECT IN KNOWLEDGE IS WITH YOU: Elihu does not mean himself -- as a first reading might suggest. No! He means that God Himself is with them, and will reveal Himself to them -- as begins to happen here, and culminates in God's direct message in the last chapters.

Job 36:5

Vv 5-15: God's design: Man's moral improvement and discipline.

BUT DOES NOT DESPISE MEN: Not even the weakest of His creatures.

Job 36:12

PRESERVE HIS SOUL FROM THE PIT: This could be something like "in the grave" (Sheol), or "by the sword" (salah), or "in the river" (Akkadian salhu = a water channel) (see NIV mg). The last of these is used in Mesopotamian mythology with ref to the "river of death" (NETn). Used in Job 33:18; 36:12.

Job 36:14

MALE PROSTITUTES OF THE SHRINES: " 'Qadhesh' denotes properly a male temple prostitute, one of the class attached to certain sanctuaries of heathen deities, and 'consecrated' [the Heb rt word means lit, and sarcastically, 'holy'!] to the impure rites of their worship. Such gross and degrading practices in Yahweh's land could only be construed as a flagrant outrage; and any association of these with His pure worship was abhorrent (Deu 23:17,18): The presence of Sodomites is noted as a mark of degeneracy in Rehoboam's time (1Ki 14:24). Asa endeavored to get rid of them (1Ki 15:12), and Jehoshaphat routed them out (1Ki 22:46). Subsequent corruptions opened the way for their return, and Josiah had to break down their houses which were actually "in the house of the Lord" (2Ki 23:7). The feminine 'qedheshah' is translated 'prostitute' in Gen 38:21,22; Hos 4:14; Deu 23:17 (the KJV mg has 'sodomitess'; the RV mg simply transliterates). The English word is, of course, derived from Sodom, the inhabitants of which were in evil repute for unnatural vice" (ISBE).Those who resist the chastisement of God will be cut off quickly, like Sodom.

Job 36:16

Vv 16-25: Purification through suffering.

Job 36:26

Job 36:26 - Job 37:13: God's power and mystery revealed in nature.

Job 36:30

Elihu recognizes the coming of God in the storm, and over the rest of his discourse he prepares Job for the presence of the Almighty.

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