The Agora
Bible Commentary
1 Kings

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1 Kings 15

1Ki 15:10

GRANDMOTHER'S: Cp 2Sa 14:27; 2Ch 11:20,21.

1Ki 15:12

MALE SHRINE PROSTITUTES: "Sodomites" (AV). " 'Qadhesh' denotes properly a male temple prostitute, one of the class attached to certain sanctuaries of heathen deities, and 'consecrated' [the Heb rt word means lit, and sarcastically, 'holy'!] to the impure rites of their worship. Such gross and degrading practices in Yahweh's land could only be construed as a flagrant outrage; and any association of these with His pure worship was abhorrent (Deu 23:17,18): The presence of Sodomites is noted as a mark of degeneracy in Rehoboam's time (1Ki 14:24). Asa endeavored to get rid of them (1Ki 15:12), and Jehoshaphat routed them out (1Ki 22:46). Subsequent corruptions opened the way for their return, and Josiah had to break down their houses which were actually "in the house of the Lord" (2Ki 23:7). The feminine 'qedheshah' is translated 'prostitute' in Gen 38:21,22; Hos 4:14; Deu 23:17 (the KJV mg has 'sodomitess'; the RV mg simply transliterates). The English word is, of course, derived from Sodom, the inhabitants of which were in evil repute for unnatural vice" (ISBE).

1Ki 15:13


1Ki 15:14

HE DID NOT REMOVE THE HIGH PLACES: Specific mention is made, several times, of the high places not being taken away: by Asa (1Ki 15:14); Jehoshaphat (1Ki 22:43); Jehoash (2Ki 12:3); Amaziah (2Ki 14:4); Azariah/Uzziah (2Ki 15:4); and Jotham (2Ki 15:35) -- demonstrating the importance of this action in God's sight. These kings did not make a full return to God. The high places (which had been used for idol worship) might have been out of use for the time being, but it seems they were not totally destroyed until the time of Hezekiah (2Ki 18:4; 2Ch 32:12); and even then their prohibition did not last beyond his reign (2Ch 33:3).

Do we have other shrines at which we worship? We must be sure that we remove the "high places" from our lives completely, even if they are currently "out of use".

THE HIGH PLACES: Poss not associated with idolatrous worship, as were those in 2Ch 14:3,5.

1Ki 15:17

"We read of a very early king of Israel, Baasha, making his iron curtain. He fortified the border, 'that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa, king of Judah' (1Ki 15:17).

"Why did he do that? Other books of the Old Testament supply the answer. Like the builders of the Berlin wall he was not concerned about keeping an enemy out, but with keeping his own people in. All the God-fearing people in the idolatrous north wanted to emigrate to the south, where the Temple in Jerusalem kept true worship alive.

"Baasha's iron curtain was inefficient. He lacked the barbed wire and minefields beloved of modern dictators. The Second Book of Chronicles tells us that when good king Asa purged all the idols out of the Kingdom of Judah, this was the result: 'He gathered all Judah and Benjamin, and them that sojourned with them out of Ephraim and Manasseh and out of Simeon. For they fell to him out of Israel in abundance, when they saw that the Lord his God was with him' (2Ch 15:9)" (GT).

1Ki 15:18

BEN-HADAD: There are 3 Ben-hadads: (1) here; 2Ch 16:1-6; (2) 1Ki 20:1-34; 22:1-36; 2Ki 5:2; 6:18-23; 7:20); murdered by Hazael (2Ki 8:7-15); and (3) son of Hazael (2Ki 13:3-13,22-25).

1Ki 15:27

GIBBETHON: A town in west central Palestine in the territory of Dan listed with Eltekeh and Baalath (Jos 19:44). It was assigned to the Kohathite Levites (Jos 21:23). In early days of the northern kingdom Gibbethon belonged to the Philistines. Nadab was slain by Baasha while besieging it (1Ki 15:27). Omri was besieging it when he was made king to succeed Zimri. It may possibly be identified with Kibbiah, which lies about 16 miles se of Joppa.

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