The Agora
Bible Commentary
2 Samuel

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2 Samuel 11

2Sa 11:1

2 Sa 11: "The final defeat of the Ammonites (2Sa 10) was a military victory that combined with the moral defeat that affected the life of David thereafter. The lust of the flesh, lust of the eyes and pride of life was to affect the great king at the time of his greatest moment.

"How can Yahweh's estimate of David be justified in the light of the sad incident recorded in this chapter? David's life must be viewed as a whole and not by this one incident. His general uprightness, generosity, and warm-heartedness towards his God, his ardent spiritual service, his deep faith and obedience must all be brought into consideration.

"David committed adultery; so do many who secretly hanker after the things of this world (Mat 5:28); he committed murder, so do many others through spite, envy and jealousy of others (1Jo 3:15). Without defending David, or condoning his sin, we must accept the estimate of Yahweh (Joh 2:25), and be careful that we do not 'cast the first stone' and thus condemn ourselves.

"David's sin should cause the righteous to fear, and sinners to hope. He acted entirely out of character, and subsequently was truly repentant. A general may lose a battle and yet win a campaign. David did that morally, and was victorious in his life. In that matter, his sin was not 'unto death', whereas many do less that he but commit the sin of lawlessness, as did his predecessor, Saul. But David had built up for himself a reservoir of mercy, and thus was able to tap into the goodness of Yahweh in the time of need" (GEM).

THE TIME WHEN KINGS GO OFF TO WAR: "Springtime, which marks the end of the rainy season in the Middle East, assures that roads will be in good condition (or at least passable), that there will be plenty of fodder for war horses and pack animals, and that an army on the march will be able to raid the fields for food" (EBC).

2Sa 11:2

EVENING: Heb "ereb" = dusky, dark.

HE SAW A WOMAN: Looking lustfully upon a woman: Mat 5:28.

2Sa 11:3

ISN'T THIS BATHSHEBA... THE WIFE...?: An implied reproach in this question.

URIAH: "The light or flame of Yahweh", ever burning bright in the battles of the LORD.

2Sa 11:5

I AM PREGNANT: "Then, after desire has conceived, it gives birth to sin; and sin, when it is full-grown, gives birth to death" (Jam 1:15). Lust conceives the child, and then came the murder of Uriah.

2Sa 11:11

A scarcely-concealed rebuke of David, who should have been at the battle himself (cp v 1). Clearly, Uriah knew what had been going on!

2Sa 11:24

Other mighty warriors (not just Uriah) died -- to cover the crime.
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