ER, JUDAH'S FIRSTBORN, WAS WICKED IN THE LORD'S SIGHT; SO
THE LORD PUT HIM TO DEATH: God also slew Onan, for refusing to perform the
duty of the surviving brother and raise up seed to Er (Gen 38:2-10), but that is
not recorded here. Why is one's death mentioned, but not the other's?
ETHAN, HEMAN, CALCOL AND DARDA: These last four appear
to be descendants of Zerah -- wise men contemporary with Solomon (1Ki 4:31).
Heman was also (?) a grandson of Samuel (1Ch 6:33,34), a Levite assigned to
ACHAR: Called "Achan" in Jos 7: this is the man of
Judah who secretly appropriated for himself some of the spoils of war at the
fall of Jericho (Jos 7:1-26; 22:20). Yahweh revealed to Joshua that Israel's
defeat at Ai was caused by the presence of sin in the camp. When the sacred lot
specified Achan as the offender, he confessed to coveting, stealing, and
concealing in his tent fine clothing, silver, and gold, all of which was under
the sacrificial ban, "devoted to the Lord for destruction". Achan and his family
were stoned to death, and their bodies and possessions were burned in the valley
of Achor ("troubling": same word as "Achar" here) south of Jericho.
Was Achan's name changed -- posthumously -- to Achar, matching
the name of his place of burial, a word which signifies "trouble" or
This incident, in Josh 7, illustrates the truth of the
proverb: "A greedy man brings trouble [Heb 'akar'] to his family" (Pro
JERAHMEEL: See vv 25-55.
RAM: See vv 10-17.
CALEB: Or "Chelubai": see vv 18-24,42; 1Ch
Vv 10-17: From Ram to David, the Messianic line.
AMMINADAB: Aaron married Elisheba daughter of Amminadab
NAHSHON: Head of the tribe of Judah in Moses' day: Num
1:7; 2:3; 7:12,17; 10:14.
THE SEVENTH DAVID: Eight sons are mentioned in 1Sa
17:12. Perhaps one died, or was son of a concubine.
This line continues with David in 1Ch 3:1-10.
PELETH: Ancestor of Pelethites: 2Sa 15:18; BS
ZABAD: One of David's mighty men: 1Ch 11:41.
AZARIAH: One of captains of Jehoiada the priest: 2Ch