The Agora
Bible Commentary

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Nahum 3

Nah 3:1

Nah 3: "Nineveh is doomed! So came the voice of the second prophet who was required to set his face against the northern oppressor. About 250 years earlier, Jonah was sent with a message of repentance, and was received by the people of this Gentile city in gratitude. The judgment of Yahweh waited in the days of Jonah, but was unleashed in those of Nahum. Nineveh had deteriorated in morality, and had returned to its former wickedness. Its history was stained with blood, and it became the focus of divine judgment. The voice of Nahum (whose name means 'Consolation' or 'Comfort' and is found in the name of Capernaum), reflected the abhorrence of Yahweh. He spoke of (1) The cause of the overthrow: vv 1-5. (2) The lesson of the overthrow: vv 6-13. (3) The certainty of the overthrow: vv 14-19.

"Nineveh represents the world of today, which captures and destroys the spirit of the Truth for those who involve themselves in worldliness. The prophet ironically bids the Ninevites to prepare for a long siege, and to anticipate their destruction. The prophecy is most appropriate for today, as we live on the eve of the ultimate judgment of God. Nahum joins with Jonah to represent the two advents of Christ: the first to reveal the ministry of reconciliation; the second advent to bring judgment against an evil world" (GEM).

Nah 3:10

ALL HER GREAT MEN WERE PUT IN CHAINS: It was the practice of the victorious invader to chain the captives together, so as to transport them away to their places of slavery (cp Eze 7:23).

Nah 3:17

Locusts move sluggishly or not at all in cold weather, but in warm sunshine they hurry briskly (LB 418).
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