// Psa 91:14-16: "he shall acknowledge my name... call on
Three uses of "Father" in this prayer: (1) v 1: simply
"Father", Christ's prayer for self; (2) v 11: "Holy Father", Christ's prayer for
saints (the "holy" ones); and (3) v 25: "Righteous Father", Christ's prayer re
GLORIFY YOUR SON: As in Joh 13:31,32. "Thou art my
servant, in whom I will be glorified" (Isa 49:3-6). Cp Eph 1:20,23; Phi 2:7-11;
Rev 5:2-6,8-14. "Ask of me" (Psa 2:8).
AUTHORITY: To fulfill Dan 7:14. Cp v 13 with Rev
ALL PEOPLE: No artificial limits to Christ's power as
Lord and Judge: Mat 28:18.
THOSE YOU HAVE GIVEN HIM: Joh 6:37,44.
The two greatest Bible studies: God, and His Son!
The present aspect of eternal life: Joh 3:36; 5:24; 6:47,54;
10:28; 1 Jo 5:11,13. "Eternal life" on a continuum: a widening experience,
leading to a fulness of personal knowledge in the age to come.
"In Christ eternal life, the life of God Himself, was brought
into the experience of men that they might know it and share in it themselves --
in some measure here and now, perfectly and everlastingly in the day 'when he
shall appear' and when by God's grace 'we shall be like him'... It is a truth to
ponder upon, to weigh in the mind, to carry with one through all the
complexities and uncertainties of this mortal life, to call to remembrance in
moments of crisis and decision, to rest upon in the less dramatic routines of
daily living" (MP).
"We must be able to go to bed each night knowing a lot more
about God and His Word than we did the night before. This is the only real
purpose of our life, and any day this is not true is a day criminally wasted: a
day to give account of at the judgment seat of Christ... 'Knowing' God is not
just meeting Him only, but a constant, ever-expanding understanding and
familiarity and intimacy. To 'know' God is not to know about Him, but to be
allowed into His friendship and company and interest -- and this is granted to
those only whose life's ambition is that their hearts may be increasingly pure:
increasingly emptied of the flesh and filled with the Spirit" (GVG).
TRUE: The God who is real, in ct to any representation
or symbol. Cp 1Th 1:9.
How? By miracles (Joh 2:11; 11:4,40; 5:36; 9:4), by teaching
(Joh 7:16,18; 4:34), and -- now -- by his impending sacrifice (Joh 19:30). Cp
Peter's summary in Act 2:22-24.
BY COMPLETING THE WORK YOU GAVE ME TO DO: "It is
finished!" (John 19:30).
Cp the Shekinah Glory displayed to Moses (Exo 34).
For Jesus to be "glorified" by the Father, he would have to die in the
prescribed manner, and then be raised from the dead to immortality and glory.
This is the sense in which Jesus uses the term "glorify" at this time -- that
is, in the last few days of his mortal life, leading up to the cross (see the
contexts of John 12:16,23; 13:31,32.
Why does Jesus speak of it as though it
had already happened -- ie, "the glory I HAD with you"? Because, quite simply,
all the OT prophecies and parables and sacrifices pointed forward to this single
great sacrificial act. The knowledge of all these previous revelations from his
Father, about his own work, were a constant comfort and sustaining power to
Jesus through all his work and his trials. God had caused the prophets to write
down these things long before he was even born. In fact, these events were
predicted even before the world as we know it had begun: see, for example, (a)
Gen 1:28, because Jesus was the one to whom the Father would truly give dominion
over all the earth, and (b) Gen 3:15, because Jesus would be the seed of the
woman to destroy the power of sin and death symbolized in the serpent.
has always "called things that are not as though they were" (Rom 4:17). Rom 4 is
interesting, because it is talking about God promising a special son, the "seed
of promise" in the first instance, to Abraham when it was impossible, humanly
speaking, for Abraham and his wife Sarah to have a son. Yet to God it was as
though it had already happened, it was that sure!
Consider how Rev 13:8
bears on this: "All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast -- all whose
names have not been written in the book of life belonging to the Lamb that was
slain from the creation of the world." How could the Lamb possibly have been
slain FROM THE CREATION OF THE WORLD? Not because it literally happened way back
then, but only because -- from the very beginning -- it was sure and certain,
and God knew it would be so.
Did Christ personally exist before his birth?
If so, then so did Jeremiah (Jer 1:4,5) and John the Baptist (John 1:6,7)! And
so did all believers (cp John 17:20,22,24 with Eph 1:4,11)! In like manner,
Jesus was "chosen" from the very beginning (1Pe 1:20; cp John 8:58). The
architect sees and knows every beautiful detail in the cathedral before ever
that site is prepared and the foundation stone is laid, and in this sense the
Father was glorifying His Son even before the world
"I have manifested thy name" (AV), which includes 'your
character and purpose' (cp Exo 34:5-7).
YOU GAVE THEM TO ME: Cp Adam and Eve, "the woman you
gave me" (Gen 3:12). Where Adam failed, the last Adam succeeded.
OBEYED: Obedience to God's word: the basis for Christ's
appeal on their behalf.
I GAVE THEM THE WORDS YOU GAVE ME: The "Moses" theme
again: Receiving the law directly from God, and then delivering it to men (Deu
I PRAY FOR THEM: Cp Moses' intercession for Israel: Exo
I AM NOT PRAYING: Cp Mat 10:32,33; Jer 11:14.
THE WORLD: "That hostile Jewish world of entrenched
privilege, religious distortion, and consolidated prejudice" (WGos
THAT THEY MAY BE ONE: Repeated four times here alone
(vv 11,21,22,23). In the same way that Jesus is "one" with God, so all believers
may be "one". The doctrine of the One Body: Rom 12:5; 1Co 10:17; 12:12-27; Eph
4:4-6. The conscious and deliberate effort of every member is needed to preserve
this ideal of divine unity.
KEEP THEM SAFE: Passover language (cp Exo
NONE HAS BEEN LOST: Quoted in Joh 18:9 re Jesus' plea
THE ONE DOOMED TO DESTRUCTION: 2Th 2:3: "son of
THAT SCRIPTURE WOULD BE FULFILLED: Psa 109:7,8;
55:12-14; 41:9 (quoted in Joh 13:18); 35:12-14.
"In thy presence is fulness of joy" (Psa 16:11). Cp Joh 15:11;
FULL MEASURE OF MY JOY: "Joy: the healthiest, happiest,
most satisfying human emotion. God offers it freely to all, in measureless
abundance; immediately, permanently, eternally, perfectly; under all
circumstances and in all situations -- but -- only on one immutable condition:
total separation from the world, and total devotion to Him in love and service.
Part way will accomplish nothing but disappointment and frustration, for the
very essence of the joy itself is dependent on the absolute totality. Let's face
it: it's all or nothing. What do we call people who hoard trash and throw away
THE EVIL ONE: "Evil" (RSV mg), or "the evil" (AV). Not
necessarily a single being. But IF a single being, then either Judas (v 12) or
Caiaphas (Joh 13:2; 14:30; 16:11).
SANCTIFY: The cleansing effect of God's word: Joh 15:3;
TRUTH: "Faithfulness" (cp Heb "Amen"): related to the
covenant promises ("faithfulness" in Exo 34:6; cp 2Sa 7:28; Psa 132:11; Mic
7:20) -- which God is faithful to keep.
FOR THEM I SANCTIFY MYSELF: Christ knew that his death
-- and only his death -- could possibly inspire his followers to show the love
and unity which he desired of them.
THOSE WHO WILL BELIEVE IN ME THROUGH THEIR MESSAGE:
Plainly, a wider scope to the preaching of Jesus' followers.
I HAVE GIVEN THEM THE GLORY THAT YOU GAVE ME: "Behold
the superlative liberality of the Lord Jesus, for he hath given us his all.
Although a tithe of his possessions would have made a universe of angels rich
beyond all thought, yet was he not content until he had given us all that he
had. It would have been surprising grace if he had allowed us to eat the crumbs
of his bounty beneath the table of his mercy; but he will do nothing by halves,
He makes us sit with him and share the feast. Had he given us some small pension
from his royal coffers, we should have had cause to love him eternally; but no,
he will have his bride as rich as himself, and he will not have a glory or a
grace in which she shall not share. He has not been content with less than
making us joint-heirs with himself, so that we might have equal possessions"
WHERE I AM: Not mere physical location, but rather
Christ's status, or condition, of unity with his Father.
RIGHTEOUS FATHER: "Righteous and holy is the LORD... I
have proclaimed his name" (Deu 32:4; cp Exo 34:5-7).
THE WORLD DOES NOT KNOW YOU: "He came unto his own, and
his own received him not" (Joh 1:11).
"I have declared unto them thy NAME" (AV, cp v 6). Christ
manifested God's "Name" (Phi 2:7) by his character and actions (Mat 5:48; Phi
2:5; Eph 4:24; 5:1,2).
More specifically, the fullest title over the cross, in
Hebrew, reads: "Yeshua [Jesus] Ha-Natzr [of Nazareth] u'Melek [the King]
Ha-Yehudim [of the Jews]" -- spells out, as an acronym, the very name of God:
THAT THE LOVE YOU HAVE FOR ME MAY BE IN THEM: "Nothing
can separate us from the love of God in Christ Jesus" (Rom 8:35-39). Cp Paul's
prayer in Eph 3:17-19 (and all of Eph 3:14-21).