Was this disturbance part of Barabbas' insurrection (cp Luk
23:18,19)? Or, the incident of Pilate's financing aqueducts out of Temple
treasury, then disguising soldiers as Temple worshipers, in order to massacre
innocent and guilty alike to quell Temple riots (WGos 751)?
"But Pilate undertook to bring a current of water to
Jerusalem, and did it with the sacred money, and derived the origin of the
stream from the distance of two hundred furlongs. However, the Jews were not
pleased with what had been done about this water; and many ten thousands of the
people got together, and made a clamor against him, and insisted that he should
leave off that design. Some of them also used reproaches, and abused the man, as
crowds of such people usually do. So he habited a great number of his soldiers
in their habit, who carried daggers under their garments, and sent them to a
place where they might surround them. So he bid the Jews himself go away; but
they boldly casting reproaches upon him, he gave the soldiers that signal which
had been beforehand agreed on; who laid upon them much greater blows than Pilate
had commanded them, and equally punished those that were tumultuous, and those
that were not; nor did they spare them in the least: and since the people were
unarmed, and were caught by men prepared for what they were about, there were a
great number of them slain by this means, and others of them ran away wounded.
And thus an end was put to this sedition" (Jos Ant 18:3:2).
WHOSE BLOOD PILATE HAD MIXED WITH THEIR SACRIFICES:
What of Christ, whose own blood WAS the sacrifice at the hands of Pilate? 'Do
you think that Christ was a worse sinner than all Galilieans? No!'
UNLESS YOU REPENT: A key requirement: Mat 3:2,10-12;
Luk 24:47; Acts 2:38-40; 3:19; Rev 2:21,22.
YOU TOO WILL ALL PERISH: Many did, in 70 AD, amidst the
sacrifices of the Temple.
Neither would the towers and walls of the Holy City be
sufficient protection for the Jews in AD 70; instead, those towers would topple
over upon them! Ct Pro 18:10: the name of Lord is the only truly strong tower
(cp Jdg 9:51).
FIG TREE: Sym Israel: Mat 21:19; 24:32; Mic 7:1; Hos
9:10; Joe 1:7; Jer 24; Psa 80; Rev 6:13.
DID NOT FIND ANY FRUIT: As in 2Pe 1:8. Cp actual
incident in Mar 11:13.
WHY SHOULD IT USE UP THE SOIL?: 'Don't just stand there
taking up space!'
THREE YEARS: Period of Christ's ministry to this point.
This also matches Lev 19:23: for three years the fruit of the tree was
forbidden, but after three years the tree was expected to bring forth fruit
which could be harvested and used. This suggests that the moment of reckoning
for Israel has come: "Where is the 'fruit'?"
ONE MORE YEAR: The final year of Christ's
This statement is directed toward the "man" of v 6 (who repr
God), not the caretaker of v 7 (who repr Christ).
This is the only occasion during last year of Christ's
ministry that Christ taught in synagogue, and even this was poss contrived as a
trap (cp Luk 14:1).
BENT OVER: Cp Isa 45: crooked made straight, to the
glory of God.
PRAISED: Continuous tense.
Four occasions in Luke where there is conflict about Jesus
performing miracles, etc on the Sabbath: Luke 6:2,9; 13:14; 14:3.
The punctilious attitude of the "ruler of the synagogue"
contrasts with that of the Lord, who recognizes the hypocrisy of such an
attitude (v 15). We can often cloud hypocrisy with the respectability of
formality and an adherence to traditions and rules.
DAUGHTER OF ABRAHAM: See Luk 13:25,28; 19:9; Joh
WHOM SATAN HAS KEPT BOUND FOR EIGHTEEN YEARS: Rather
like the two occasions when Israel was in bondage in the time of the Judges: Jdg
ON THE SABBATH DAY: The most appropriate day for
healing. This day, Christ loosed her burden and gave her rest.
// Mat 13:31-33.
MUSTARD: The "tree" of Israel would be cut down (v 9).
But the "mustard seed" apostasy sown in its place (cp Mat 13:31-33n) would be no
IN HIS GARDEN: The gospel, first preached in God's own
YEAST: Or leaven, used negatively: Luk 12:1; 1Co 5:7,8;
Gal 5:9; cp 2Th 2:11.
ALL THROUGH THE DOUGH: The whole was leavened, but only
"few" (v 23) will be saved. Thus the leaven not same as "gospel".
AS HE MADE HIS WAY TO JERUSALEM: In two different ways!
He may have been traveling toward Jerusalem in a literal sense, but esp was he
going there in his spiritual journey! Cp Luk 9:51,53; 13:22,33; 17:11; 18:31;
ARE ONLY A FEW PEOPLE GOING TO BE SAVED?: That is, 'you
are not making many converts, are you?'
On the approach to Jerusalem, a narrow road leads up, into
city. A broad road leads down, to Gehenna (PM 41,42).
WILL NOT BE ABLE (TO ENTER): Put last phrase of v 24
together with first phrase of v 25: "will not be able to enter when the Master
AND CLOSES THE DOOR: "No other door is so tightly
closed as this" (HAW). Cp parable of virgins: Mat 25:10-12.
WE ATE AND DRANK WITH YOU: Participation in Memorial
YOU TAUGHT IN OUR STREETS: That is, 'I have taught in
I DON'T KNOW YOU: "I tell you the truth, I don't know
you" (Mat 25:12).
WHERE YOU COME FROM: Certainly not from Abraham! Cp vv
AWAY FROM ME, ALL YOU EVILDOERS!: "Away from me, all
you who do evil" (Psa 6:8).
// Gen 13:14. This is an interesting twist. In Genesis we hear
God telling Abraham (cp v 28 here) that He will give him the land in all
directions, as far as he can see, as an eternal inheritance. Abraham is promised
all the land, "north, south, east and west"... AND a great multiplying of his
seed! Notice how this is echoed in the NT, when Jesus says: "There will be
weeping there, and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and
all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but you yourselves thrown out. People
will come from east and west and north and south, and will take their places at
the feast in the kingdom of God" (Luk 13:28,29). But in the gospels, Jesus seems
to "interpret" this promise (ie, the east, west, north, south allusion) to mean
-- not only 'your borders will be extended in all directions', but especially
'people (Gentiles!) will come to you (and God's kingdom) from all
There seem, then, to be two different (but related) ways in
which the promises to Abraham will be fulfilled: (1) the obvious one: the
expansion of Abraham's "territories" outward, to cover the whole earth (Rom
4:13), and (2) the people of those territories coming inward, to Abraham and His
God! Either way, the same result is achieved.
THERE ARE THOSE WHO ARE LAST WHO WILL BE FIRST, AND FIRST
WHO WILL BE LAST: "Do not take your salvation for granted... At our baptism,
we do not step onto a smooth, effortless moving sidewalk that will automatically
carry us comfortably into the Kingdom, though many act as though they assume
this is so. Rather we stand at the foot of a steep and rugged hill, and there is
no ski-lift. That hill is our probation: the 'working out of our salvation with
fear and trembling.' God knows the height and degree of difficulty of our hill,
and He knows the lifespan before us that He has given us to climb it. We shall
need ALL that time, and all the available help He has provided and promised in
so many ways. How long is it since your baptism? How far up the hill of God have
you faithfully climbed? There are tempting but fatal relaxing places along the
way, among them that deceptive worldly conceit called 'retirement.' Are you in
one of them? The day draws on, and the top is still above you" (GVG).
"Why is it that the last shall be first? What is it that makes
this so difficult to accept? The answer came in the form of an ugly little dog.
Sophie has taken over our hearts and in many respects our house. She is not
particularly pretty (one ear stands up and one lies down, and she has patches of
hair that inexplicably shoot up like a lion's mane); nor does she have any
pedigree. She is, however, a good little dog and clearly loves us. She follows
me wherever I go all over the house. She can't stand to be away from me. When I
do go away and come into the house, I receive a greeting of a king. When I walk
into the house, this little dog is celebrating like this is the most miraculous
thing that has even happened -- her master came home!
"Isn't this a little how God views us? Let's face it, we don't
provide God with a whole lot of value. He doesn't really 'need' us any more than
I 'need' my dog. What we do provide Him is love, devotion and faithfulness. When
Jesus comes back, will we celebrate like my dog celebrates when I come home? Or
will we be like the bad dog who has spent the day chewing the sofa cushion, and
then slinks off to hide? Do we follow our Master wherever He will lead us? Do we
obey commands? Is our love demonstrative to Jesus in the way my dog's love is to
"Many of the qualities we attribute to great men --
intelligence, boldness, speaking abilities, education, beauty, wealth, etc --
mean absolutely nothing to God. In fact, these attributes can impede our service
to God if they translate into pride. God loves us because we love Him (even
though He loved us first!), and even if we are like ugly little dogs!
" 'Brothers, think of what you were when you were called. Not
many of you were wise by human standards; not many were influential; not many
were of noble birth. But God chose the foolish things of the world to shame the
wise; God chose the weak things of the world to shame the strong. He chose the
lowly things of this world and the despised things -- and the things that are
not -- to nullify the things that are, so that no one may boast before him' (1Co
Cp Jezebel's threat against Elijah (1Ki 19:2) and
Amaziah/Jeroboam II against Amos (Amo 7:10-17).
HEROD WANTS TO KILL YOU: Prob a false rumor (cp Luk
9:7-9; 23:8). Had Christ heeded it, it would have hastened his visit to
Jerusalem (where arrest was imminent), it would have ended his embarrassing stay
in Perea, and it would have betrayed fear on his part.
'Herod cannot touch me. I will continue my healings a while
longer (2nd day, 3rd day) and then I will die -- but in my own way and in the
GO TELL THAT FOX: "Fox" here is fem, poss ref to
Herodias, the real power behind the throne. "You little fox, go and tell that
FOX: Cp Lam 5:18; Song 2:15.
TODAY AND TOMORROW: Cp expression, Exo 4:10; 1Sa 19:7;
Gen 31:2; Jos 3:4. A colloquial expression, sig indefinite time.
THIRD DAY: Gen 22:4: Isaac, on Mt Moriah (next to
I WILL REACH MY GOAL: The cross in Jerusalem. Sw Heb
2:10; 5:9; 10:14; 12:23; Joh 17:23. Sig "consecrated", as priest.
YOU WHO KILL THE PROPHETS AND STONE THOSE SENT TO YOU:
Isa 49:5; Acts 7:59.
AS A HEN GATHERS HER CHICKS UNDER HER WINGS: Cp
thought, Isa 31:5: God "passing over" and sheltering Jerusalem.
Cited from Psa 118:26.
YOUR HOUSE: Previously called "My Father's house" (Luk
2:49; John 2:16), but no more!
DESOLATE: "But if you do not obey these commands,
declares the LORD, I swear by myself that this palace will become a ruin" (Jer
22:5). As at Passover, when Egypt was left desolate of its firstborn. Now
Jerusalem is pictured as God's firstborn, but unsprinkled with the blood of
Christ the lamb of God. So, when the avenging Roman "angel" comes, he will not
spare her! Cp Eze 10:19; 11:23; Psa 69:22,25.
The blindness of Israel will be the rule until the time of
Christ's return: Rom 11:25-27; Zec 12:10. A set time for Israel's punishment: