1Ki 13: "Jeroboam's policy was to widen the breach between the
two kingdoms and sever the links that held them together -- the common
interests, which it was the one great object of the Law to combine and
interlace. To that end he sacrificed the most sacred and inviolable interests
and obligations of the covenant people, by forbidding his subjects to resort to
the temple of the One who set him in power, by elevating common people as
priests, by himself acting as high priest to the imitation of Egyptian gods he
had set up in the name of Yahweh (as did Aaron in the matter of the golden calf
beforehand). He met a situation that could only be satisfactorily handled in
faith, by his own earthly diplomacy -- and so failed. The great sin of Jeroboam
was not merely idolatry (for Solomon and Rehoboam were both guilty of that) but
compromise, a policy of expediency which perverted Truth by superimposing upon
it pagan principles. The early Christian communities became guilty of the same
sin. Jeroboam believed that the end justified the means. So the king was rebuked
by the nameless prophet recorded in this chapter.  Dramatic interruption at
the dedicatory service: vv 1-3.  The king's anger and dismay: vv 4-5.  He
pleads the prophet's help: vv 6,7.  The king's invitation rejected: vv 8-10.
 The prophet of Bethel: v 11.  The prophet of Bethel seeks the prophet of
Judah: vv 12,13.  The invitation extended: vv 14,15.  The invitation
refused: vv 16,17.  The prophet deceived: vv 18,19.  The prophet rebuked:
vv 20-22.  The prophet punished: vv 23-24.  The prophet mourned: vv
26-32.  Jeroboam's obstinacy: vv 33,34" (GEM).
A "dedication" never completed. Yahweh intervenes to rob sin
of its "solemnity".
HE CRIED OUT...: A public, courageous pronouncement, in
the very stronghold of sin!
NAMED JOSIAH: Poss an editorial parenthesis inserted
for explanation's sake at the time 1Ki was being put together.. True enough: God
could have named Josiah 150 or 200 years ahead of time, but did He? When Josiah
did arise to fulfill this prophecy (2Ki 23:15,18), the record there makes no
allusion to the fulfillment (WIsa 393).
Jeroboam's joy turned to ashes (v 5)!
In his idolatry (golden calves: 1Ki 12:28), Jeroboam emulated
Egypt. And in the plagues and subsequent removal, there is the typical pattern
again of Pharaoh and Moses in Egypt.
HAND WAS RESTORED: Cp Christ's miracle of withered hand
restored: Mat 12:9-14; Mar 3:1-6; Luk 6:6-11.
NOT EAT... OR DRINK...: A stranger and a
Hiding his light under a bushel -- not instructing even his
sons. Those sons had been present at (and evidently consenting to) Jeroboam's
Though not prepared to fight for the truth himself -- which
seems evident from the earlier part of the narrative -- the "old prophet" was
quite happy to spend (that is, waste!) the time of those who did!
AN ANGEL SAID TO ME: Many years later the apostle Paul
warned against just this sort of thing: succumbing to the allurements of those
who merely CLAIM to have a revelation from God -- without "testing the spirits"!
"But even if we or an angel from heaven should preach a gospel other than the
one we preached to you, let him be eternally condemned!" (Gal 1:8). Do not be
turned aside by the words, 'I prayed, and/or had a revelation from God.'
EAT... DRINK: Peace and ease beckon seductively to us
in many forms. But all are of sin: "But the man who has doubts is condemned if
he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and everything that does not come
from faith is sin" (Rom 14:23).
Such a sudden change!
THE LION HAD NEITHER EATEN THE BODY NOR MAULED THE
DONKEY: Suggesting that this was indeed a miraculous occurrence, because the
lion -- contrary to his nature -- stopped short of tearing and eating the body
or harming the donkey.
The death of the disobedient prophet lessens the effect his
withdrawal from Jeroboam might have had.