WAS UNFAITHFUL TO HIM: Or "was angry with him" (LXX;
RSV). "Josephus has a different version of the story here [ie, as cpd with KJV]
-- that 'they quarrelled one with another perpetually; and at last the woman was
so disgusted at these quarrels, that she left her husband and went to her
parents.' The Septuagint tends to support this. And it requires but the
interchange of two letters in the Hebrew text to read the same idea here"
REFRESH YOURSELF: Euphemistic for another day of
THE DAY IS NEARLY OVER: Lit, "the sun is going to pitch
What a ct with Jdg 19:5-9. Boorish behavior by men of
LIVING: Or "sojourning"; not a permanent
WHERE ARE YOU GOING? WHERE DID YOU COME FROM?: 'Don't
you know better than to stop in a place like this?'
WE HAVE BOTH...: That is, the traveling party would
require little from anyone with whom they might lodge.
MEN OF THE CITY: "City leaders". The society of Gibeah
was rotten from top to bottom.
BRING OUT THE MAN...: Cp Lot's situation. But here
there were no angels to help.
A religious practice? Deu 23:17,18. It is treated as such: cp
Jdg 20 with Deu 13:12-16.
DISGRACEFUL THING: "Folly" in AV. Sw Jdg 20:6,10: used
of sexual sin.
CONCUBINE: Not having the natural status of a
The memory of this night lasted a long time: Hos 9:9;
Did they hope that these men would experience the same fate as
Sodom? "Expositors may talk as plausibly as they may about the shockingly low
status of women in those countries and those days; it still remains a grievous
difficulty that the Levite should behave so callously to the woman whom he had
just coaxed into returning with him. It has been argued that, after all,
righteous Lot was prepared to make a similar offer to the vile men of Sodom (Gen
19:8). But in this respect are the two cases really parallel? Lot probably had
good reason already to suspect the identity of his guests, and he certainly knew
something of the character of his daughters (!) and would realise that having
grown up in the place it would not be beyond their powers to cope with that
vicious mob, most of whom they knew personally.
"Even so, this resemblance to the experience of Lot and the
angels in Sodom is remarkably close in certain details. There can be little
doubt that the narrative is designed to stress the similarities:
1. The wickedness of each city is general.
2. The one offering hospitality is a stranger, and
3. The house is attacked,
4. the door is assaulted;
5. and the surrender of visitors is demanded,
6. for the same vile purpose.
7. Women are offered, that hospitality might not be
8. and ultimately each city is utterly destroyed.
"Can it be that in this resemblance between Gibeah and Sodom
lies the explanation of the two men's strange readiness to sacrifice their
womenfolk to the animal appetite of the gang outside? When they did so, was it
because they had already recognized the similarity with Lot's experience, and
were even then devoutly hoping that the outcome would be the same -- blindness
on the perverts howling outside the door, and speedy judgment from heaven on
their incurable wickedness? Certainly there would then be added reason for the
Levite's precipitate departure next morning" (WJR).
Notice: no appeal was made to the God of Israel. And this man
was a Levite!
"My concubine they have forced, so that she is dead" (Jdg