The Agora
Bible Commentary

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Revelation 18

Rev 18:2

A HOME FOR DEMONS: "Whilst there is general reference here to such passages as Jer 50:39 and Isa 13:21, already listed, the words go back more specifically to the macabre parable of Christ about the unclean spirit returning with seven others worse than himself (Mat 12:43-45; and cp Rev 17:11). That parable was a solemn prophecy of the future of Jerusalem: 'even thus shall it be with this generation' " (WRev).

Rev 18:2
Isa 13:21
Isa 34:12
Jer 50:39
Goats (demons: LXX)
Goats (demons: LXX)
Criers (v 14)
Unclean spirits
Hyenas, jackals
Wolves, wild dogs
Howlers, jackals
Unclean birds
Owls, ostriches
Screech owl
Owl, ostriches
Religious sales, relics, etc.

See Lesson, Babylon, Last Days revival.

Rev 18:4

A command to flee when Jerusalem is encircled by armies (Luk 21:20,21).

SHARE IN HER SINS: That is, in the punishment for her sins.

Rev 18:6

PAY HER BACK DOUBLE: Used of apostate Jerusalem in Isa 40:2; Jer 16:18; 17:18.

Rev 18:12

"It is difficult to associate many of these with papal pomp and ceremony, but the connection with the splendour and ritual of the temple is obvious enough. The details of 2Ch 2:4,7,8 are decidedly impressive in this connection" (WRev).

Rev 18:20

REJOICE OVER HER... : This is very close to the LXX of Deu 32:43, at the end of a vivid prophecy of retribution on faithless Israel.

Rev 18:21

A LARGE MILLSTONE: "Two passages in Matthew are remarkably akin: 'Whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea' (Mat 18:6); and, 'If you have faith, and doubt not... ye shall say to this mountain (mount Zion! with its temple and its Judaism), Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done' (Mat 21:21)" (WRev).

Rev 18:22

HARPISTS AND MUSICIANS... : Not wonderfully appropriate to papal Rome, but very apt for Jerusalem and its temple service.

Rev 18:23

THE LIGHT OF A LAMP: The 7-branched lampstand.

Rev 18:24

THE BLOOD OF PROPHETS: "It cannot be that a prophet shall perish out of Jerusalem" (Luke 13:33).

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