The Agora
Bible Commentary

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Numbers 28

Num 28:1

Num 28: Now that the people were about to take possession of the land, the sacrificial ordinances were repeated and once more commanded to the Israelites, with fuller details added. The daily morning and evening sacrifice had already been instituted in connection with the altar of burnt-offering (Exo 29:38-42). To this daily consecration of Israel were now added the special sacrifices of the Sabbath -- symbolic of a deeper and more special dedication on God's own day. The Sabbath and the other festive sacrifices were always brought in addition to the daily offering.

Again, the beginning of every month was marked by a special sacrifice, with the addition of a sin-offering, while the blast of the priests' trumpets was intended to bring Israel's prayers and services in remembrance before the Lord. If the beginning of each month was thus significantly consecrated, the feast of unleavened bread (from the 15th to the 21st of Abib), which made that month the beginning of the year, was marked by the repetition on each of its seven days of the sacrifices which were prescribed for every new moon. The Passover feast (on the 14th of Abib) had no general congregational sacrifice, but only that of the lamb for the Passover supper in each household.

Lastly, the sacrifices for the feast of weeks were the same as those for the feast of unleavened bread, with the addition of the two "wave loaves" and their accompanying sacrifices prescribed in Lev 23:7-21. This concluded the first festive cycle in the year.

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